What is the prostate?
It is a walnut size secretory gland found in men, located at the base of the urinary bladder. It's role is to produce an alkaline fluid (to counter the effects of the acidic vagina) that assists in the transport of sperm (contributes to the ejaculate fluid).
What is BPH?
Also known as benign prostatic hypertrophy, (often referred to as an enlarged prostate), which can commonly be found in men from age 50 and beyond. The symptomatology is variable and can range from no symptoms to complete inability to urinate.
How is BPH diagnosed?
There are a variety of techniques employed in the diagnosis of bph, but essentially, as a starting point, it consists of a thorough history and physical examination as well as laboratory and imaging studies. Based on these results, other tests may or may not be required to determine treatment.
How is BPH treated?
It can be anywhere from simple observation and periodic examinations to life style changes, oral medication or a surgical procedure.
What is PSA?
Also known as prostate specific antigen, this is a blood test that helps to determine the possibility that a patient may or may not have prostate cancer.
Who is prone to have prostate cancer?
Men over the age of 50, have a higher incidence of having the disease and it is more commonly found in the black population. Genetics can play role and therefore family members of those who have the disease need to checked at a younger age. Some studies suggest that the disease may be more common in African American men.
How can prostate cancer be detected?
PSA blood levels, Digital rectal examination, prostate needle biopsy and imaging studies such as transrectal ultrasound of the prostate.
What are the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer?
Usually it is an asymptomatic disease. Most of the urinary symptoms that men complain of are related to BPH.

"A Women's Guide To Prostate Health" is provided by Prostate Healthcare of New York (PHCNY), one of the most highly regarded prostate medical and surgical practices in the country, founded by Doctors Eugene Fine & Irwin Leventhal. To learn more about PHCNY, click here.